In the circumstances it is very severe disease, the patient or the patient’s family may ask for a doctor to end the suffering of the patient with euthanasia or also known by lethal injection. What kind of euthanasia process?
Euthanasia is the termination of the life of someone who was very ill in the circumstances to release him from suffering. Euthanasia is claimed not to cause pain or cause pain to a minimum.
A person who suffered euthanasia usually have a disease condition that is incurable. But there are other cases where some people wanted to end his life.
In many cases, it is done at the request of the patient himself, but there are times when patients may be too ill decisions made by relatives, medical personnel or in some cases by the courts.
Euthanasia is only in a few countries like the Netherlands, Switzerland or the United States. But more countries are banning the implementation of euthanasia.
Euthanasia is divided into various forms, each carrying a different truth and error, respectively, among others:
1. Active and passive euthanasia
In active euthanasia, physician or staff directly and intentionally caused the death of the patient, for example by giving the patient an overdose of drugs, giving cyanide tablets or injecting a lethal substance into the patient’s body.
Passive euthanasia occurs when a patient dies because medical professionals are not doing anything necessary to keep the patient alive or stop doing something that is keeping the patient alive.
Examples of passive euthanasia include turning off life-support machine, removing a feeding tube, do not do surgery prolong life or provide life-prolonging drugs.
2. Non-voluntary euthanasia and voluntary
Voluntary euthanasia occurs at the request of the patient or the person who will die, for example by refusing medical treatment, the treatment is stopped or asked for his life support machine turned off or refuse to eat.
While the non-voluntary euthanasia occurs when the patient is awake or not, so there are others who make decisions on his behalf.
Non-voluntary euthanasia can occur in such cases the patient was in a coma, the patient is too young (eg infants), of senility, mental retardation is severe or severe brain disorders.
3. Direct euthanasia
Direct euthanasia means providing treatment (usually to reduce pain) having a side effect speed up the death of the patient.
4. Assisted suicide
This usually refers to cases where the dying person needs help to kill himself and asked for medical personnel to do so.